Cardiovascular disease is the second highest cause of death in Brunei Darussalam after cancer, that contributes to almost 25 percent of cause of death last year. In the past five years, the total number of deaths from heart disease has shown an increase. According to the Ministry of Health, cardiovascular disease has caused over 26 percent of deaths before the age of 70 in the country.
Heart disease covers various types of diseases involving the heart. Among them congenital heart disease, arrhythmia or abnormal heart beat; coronary heart disease and heart valve disease.
The total number of procedures related to cardiovascular disease has shown an increase. According to Gleneagles JPMC, Angiogram procedures increased from 9 hundred 65 in 2013 to one thousand 2 hundred and 41 in 2018. Agioplasty procedures have increased to 7 hundred 25 in 2018 compared to 5 hundred and 50 procedures in 2013. Heart and related surgeries increased from 138 cases in 2013 to 183 cases in 2018. Among the contributors to heart disease risk factors are diabetes, obesity, hypertension, smoking, diet and unhealthy lifestyle. According to Dayangku Doctor Nur Izyan Nadhirah binti Pengiran Haji Mohammad, Medical Officer, Ministry of Health, the classic symptoms of heart attacks are chest pains in the middle of the chest or on the left side, which usually feels like a strong pressure on it, which leads to nausea, breathing problems and its medical term is angina. If the pain persists after resting, the individual must go to either the health centre or emergency department immediately for further examination.
Heart disease can be prevented through the practise of a healthy lifestyle. Related risk factors such as obesity, hypertension, high cholesterol and diabetes can be prevented or treated if detected early. Coronary heart disease is mostly due to the process of atherosclerosis caused by chronic non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol and others. Practise a healthy lifestyle culture such as physical activities, exercise and healthy diet to prevent coronary heart disease.
Various efforts have been and is currently being carried out by the Ministry of Health, to address heart disease. These efforts are solely aimed to raise the public’s awareness and enhance their knowledge on cardiovascular disease and remind the public that the disease can be prevented through measures to detect heart disease risk factors.
Source: Radio Television Brunei